On The Quick
Antiretroviral Therapy Can Prevent HIV Transmission
Undetectable = Untransmittable
Perhaps the most important — and most hopeful — recent development in the battle against HIV/AIDS is the growing evidence that successful treatment can practically eliminate the risk of transmission. Several important health organizations have recently endorsed the “U = U” consensus statement, including New York’s state Department of Health.
Most people know that antiretroviral “cocktails” can help HIV-positive patients live longer, healthier lives. However, multiple clinical studies have recently demonstrated that antiretroviral therapy can also greatly reduce patients’ risk of sexually transmitting the virus to others.
In July 2016, the Prevention Access Campaign issued a clinical consensus statement declaring, “There is now evidence-based confirmation that the risk of HIV transmission from a person living with HIV (PLHIV) who is on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and has achieved an undetectable viral load in their blood for at least six months is negligible to nonexistent.”
More than 400 public health and HIV/AIDS organizations around the world have now endorsed the statement.
The Bottom Line
Back in July, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., summed up the new clinical consensus on HIV: “If you diligently take your medicine and keep your viral load to below detectable levels, you will not be dangerous to your partner. We now have the scientific data to say you may be ‘infected,’ but you are not ‘infectious.’”
To read the full consensus statement and find out more about current clinical research, visit www.preventionaccess.org.
This article is from workingnurse.com.