Danger Assessment Tool Predicts Risk of Fatal Domestic Violence

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Danger Assessment Tool Predicts Risk of Fatal Domestic Violence

Jacquelyn Campbell, RN, Ph.D., named AAN Edge Runner for her research

By Working Nurse
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The American Academy of Nursing has named nurse researcher Jacquelyn C. Campbell, RN, Ph.D., FAAN, an Edge Runner in recognition of her pioneering Danger Assessment program, a tool to help women assess their risk of being murdered by an intimate partner.

Twenty Vital Questions

If you work with victims of intimate partner violence, you’re probably familiar with Campbell’s Danger Assessment tool. Campbell, who is now a professor and the Anna D. Wolf Chair of Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, first created this important tool back in 1985, based on her work with abused women and her master’s thesis project on women and homicide.

In a 2015 interview, Campbell explained, “There were times when [women] would be telling me their stories and I would get such a chill. What they were saying reminded me of things from the homicide folders from that police station in Dayton. … I wanted to help them see for themselves when they were in a really dangerous place, so I started to put together a 20-item screening tool.”

Today, Danger Assessment is a widely used, validated instrument to help women to assess their risk of homicide, which is a leading cause of death for American women — particularly women of color. Most femicides are committed by intimate partners, usually after other physical abuse, so the tool’s goal is to enable women to recognize their danger in time to seek appropriate help.

Nurse-Led Innovation

Campbell, who co-wrote a textbook on domestic abuse (Nursing Care of Survivors of Family Violence, published in 1993 by Mosby) before she had even completed her Ph.D., exemplifies the spirit of the Academy’s Edge Runner designation, which recognizes and honors nurses who design cutting-edge, evidence-based care delivery models and interventions. 

“Dr. Campbell’s Danger Assessment is an intervention which helps save women’s lives,” says Academy President Karen Cox, RN, Ph.D., PPCNP-BC, FACHE, FAAN. You can learn more about Danger Assessment at www.dangerassessment.org. For more on the Edge Runner initiative, including profiles of other Edge Runners and information about how you can nominate someone, visit www.aanet.org.

This article is from workingnurse.com.

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